Acne is one of the most common skin disorders. It affects four out of five people between the ages of 12 and 24 at least once. While the disorder is often associated with teenagers, it can affect people of all ages. It's not uncommon for acne to occur in people in their 20s and 30s. And, some people continue to have acne in their 40s and 50s.
Some adult women experience mild to moderate acne due to hormonal changes associated with pregnancy, their menstrual cycles, or starting or stopping birth control pills.
what is acne
Acne is rarely a serious medical condition. However it can cause emotional distress to sufferers and can lead to scarring of the skin. With the right treatment, you can keep acne under control and reduce the scars left by acne. Acne occurs when hair follicles, not sweat gland pores, become clogged with oil produced by the sebaceous glands and with dead skin cells
Acne typically appears on your face, neck, chest, back and shoulders, which are the areas of your skin with the largest number of functional oil glands.
Acne can take the following forms:
- Whiteheads: These are created when the openings of hair follicles become clogged and blocked with oil secretions and dead skin.
- Blackheads: These are similar to whiteheads, but are open to the skin surface and darken.
- Pimples: These are raised, reddish spots that signal inflammation or infection in the hair follicles.
- Cysts: These are thick lumps beneath the surface of the skin, which are formed by the build-up of secretions deep within hair follicles.
acne contributing factors
Three factors contribute to the formation of acne:
- Overproduction of oil (sebum)
- Irregular shedding of dead skin cells resulting in irritation of the hair follicles of your skin
- Buildup of bacteria
Acne occurs when the hair follicles become plugged with oil and dead skin cells. Each follicle is connected to sebaceous glands. These glands secrete an oily substance known as sebum to lubricate your hair and skin. Sebum normally travels up along the hair shafts and then out through the opening of the hair follicle onto the surface of your skin.
When your body produces an excess amount of sebum and dead skin cells, the two can accumulate in the hair follicle and solidify as a soft plug.
This plug may cause the follicle wall to bulge and produce a whitehead. Or, the plug may be open to the surface and may darken, causing a blackhead.
Pimples are raised red spots with a white center that develop when blocked hair follicles become inflamed or infected.
Blockages and inflammation that develop deep inside hair follicles produce lumps beneath the surface of your skin called cysts.
Other pores in your skin, which are the openings of the sweat glands onto your skin, aren't normally involved in acne.
It's not known what causes the increased production of sebum that leads to acne. But a number of factors — including hormones, bacteria, certain medications and heredity — play a role.
Some foods are thought to exacerbate the condition.
Acne is not caused by dirt. In fact, scrubbing the skin too hard or cleansing with harsh soaps or chemicals can cause irritation, which may make acne worse.
am i at risk?Hormonal changes in your body can provoke or aggravate acne.
These changes are common in:
- Teenagers, both boys and girls
- Women and girls, two to seven days before their periods
- Pregnant women
- People using certain medications, including cortisone
Other factors are:
- Exposing your skin directly to greasy or oily substances, or to certain cosmetics.
- Having a family history of acne. If your parents had acne, you may be likely to develop it too.
- Friction or pressure on your skin caused by items such as telephones or cell phones, helmets, tight collars and backpacks.
effective acne treatment
Acne treatments work by reducing oil production, speeding up skin cell turnover, fighting bacterial infection or doing all three. At Melbourne Laser, Skin & Wellness Clinic in Chadstone we understand pathophysiology of acne are able to offer various strategies, depending on severity of your condition.
Our professional team will take the time to thoroughly check your medical history as well as cosmetics use history. An effective method of acne treatment will be selected and fine-tuned to your specific skin type, using the information you supply. A fully individualized acne treatment program can be offered for moderate to severe acne. Alternatively, you may start on one or two products or services to see if it clears up your acne in a short space of time.
Laser acne treatments and IPL technology are used to accelerate the response of your skin to our acne management program.
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